Honey How It Is Made
The worker bees sip nectar from flowers with their proboscis, a straw-like tube that rolled up within the mouth and extended to sip nectar. They store this nectar in a special stomach called a “honey stomach.”
When the honey stomach is full, they return to the hive and disgorge the nectar into the honeycomb cells. The nectar is allowed to partially evaporate, and when it is sufficiently concentrated, the hive bees cap each honeycomb cell with wax to store the honey to provide a food source for the them in winter.
An average hive will produce about 60 to 100 pounds of honey in a year. Since the bees only need about 25 pounds for their own food, the beekeeper can harvest the surplus.